The great exhibition in Ferrara dedicated to the master artist Giorgio De Chirico has just finished.
The exhibition, organized by the Ferrara Arte Foundation and the Stuttgart Staatsgalerie in collaboration with the Archive for Metaphysical Art and curated by Paolo Baldacci and Gerd Roos, brought back to the city of the Estes the metaphysical masterpieces that the artist painted between 1915 and 1918.
The exhibition focuses in particular on two concepts: the great artist’s love for Ferrara and the tremendous influence that the metaphysical painter had on contemporary authors of the calibre of Carrà, De Pisis, Morandi, Magritte, Dali and Ernst.
In the summer of 1915 De Chirico and his brother Alberto Savinio were assigned to the 27th Ferrara Infantry Regiment. Here Giorgio was inspired by the beauty of the city, paying homage to it in some of his most famous paintings such as I progetti della fanciulla, il grande metafisico and Le Muse inquietanti. Here the Estense Castle and the great deserted squares reign supreme, the latter characterized by an alienating spatiotemporal desolation in which all the painted elements are suspended, stuck in an unreal, magical atmosphere, able even to separate the light from the shadow that it casts. In the series dedicated to secret rooms, De Chirico decontextualizes everyday objects and represents them – jammed together and deprived of their meanings – within these claustrophobic spaces where it is possible to breathe and look out only by means of a single window giving onto a leaden sky.
His gaze explores the world around him and his genius fills it with a madness that treads a thin line, balancing between nonsense and the cultural heritage of ancient Mediterranean civilizations. A genius that we can define as our own and who allowed Italian art to hold its head high abroad (and this centuries after the end of the Renaissance!)
Glimpses of Emilian architecture, intense colours that come with an unquestioned identity, piles of boxes, set squares, biscuits, maps and mannequins that become muses: these are the hallmarks that characterize Giorgio de Chirico’s art and which anticipate the major international art movements of the twentieth century. Dadaism, Surrealism and New Objectivity are all there in his paintings and more besides. This influence can be seen in the exhibition by an important series of works by Man Ray, Raoul Hausmann, George Grosz, René Magritte, Salvador Dalí and Max Ernst, who created extraordinary masterpieces inspired by the Ferrara themes and iconography of the master.
The exhibition also presents the most complete overview of the masterpieces painted by de Chirico and Carrà in 1917: for the first time, after forty-five years, it is possible to admire the original of the Giorgio de Chirico mannequins of 1917-18, together with the almost complete set of metaphysical works by Carrà: Il gentiluomo ubriaco, Composizione TA, Penelope, Natura morta con la squadra, La camera incantata, Solitudine, Madre e figlio, Il dio ermafrodito, L’ovale delle apparizioni, Il cavaliere dello spirito occidentale and Il figlio del costruttore.
The tremendous turnout at the exhibition confirms and reciprocates the affection that the city of Ferrara still feels towards De Chirico, a feeling that this wonderful show has definitely helped to strengthen.